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TOEFL Junior® Tests

Help Guide Your Students to a Future of Opportunities

Setting a strong foundation for your students early makes all the difference. Having an accurate understanding of their English-language skills can help you guide them to reach their full potential.

Intended for students ages 11+, the TOEFL Junior® tests are an objective, reliable measure of your students’ English communication skills that can help you pinpoint your students’ strengths and challenges.

The tests can be used in multiple ways in the classroom for placement and to monitor progress. Plus, scores are mapped to CEFR levels to help you better understand students’ English proficiency levels and are matched with Lexile® measures to help you find the right books at the right reading levels for your students.

Learn more about how the TOEFL Junior tests can help you guide your students on their English-Language journey.

About the TOEFL Junior® Tests

Setting the right foundation for your students’ English-language journey can make all the difference. That’s why it’s important to have well-designed and objective measures that can help you guide them to reach their full potential.

The TOEFL Junior® Standard test, intended for students ages 11+, is an accurate and reliable measure of your students’ communicative skills in English. Based on the rich heritage of the TOEFL® test, the TOEFL Junior Standard test helps you pinpoint your students’ strengths and challenges.

Like all tests in the TOEFL Family of Assessments, the TOEFL Junior Standard test is based on solid research to ensure fairness, validity and reliability, and reflect best practices in language testing.

Discover the ways TOEFL Junior scores can help you

• Determine whether your students have sufficient communicative English skills to succeed in a classroom that uses English for instruction
• Place students in English-language programmes so they are matched with level-appropriate instruction
• Monitor progress over time to gauge students’ learning and proficiency (new test forms available each year)
• Use score reports and performance feedback to tailor English instruction and guide conversations with parents
• Advise students on appropriate book selections based on Lexile® measures, from MetaMetrics®, to improve their English reading proficiency www.lexile.com/toefljunior
• Map student achievement to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) for international benchmarking

Test Structure

The TOEFL Junior Standard test consists of 126 multiple-choice questions. It includes three sections—Listening Comprehension, Language Form and Meaning, and Reading Comprehension. Each section contains 42 four-choice questions with a total testing time of 1 hour 55 minutes.

Some of the questions in the test may not count toward the section or total scores. Of the questions that count, each correct answer counts equally toward the score for that section.

The table below summarizes the structure of the test.

SectionQuestionTime
Listening Comprehension4240 minute
Language Form and Meaning4225 minutes
Reading Comprehension4250 minutes
Total1261 hour 55 minutes
Test Content

The Listening Comprehension section measures your ability to listen to and understand English for interpersonal purposes, navigational purposes, and academic purposes.

The Language Form and Meaning section measures your ability to demonstrate proficiency in key enabling English skills such as grammar and vocabulary in context.

The Reading Comprehension section measures your ability to read and understand academic and non-academic texts written in English.

During the Test

Each section of the test has a time limit. The test administrator will tell you when to start and stop each section. During each time period, you may read or work only on the section of the test you are told to work on. If you finish one section early, you may not go on to the next section before you are told to do so, and you may not go back to a section you have already worked on. Failure to follow this rule will be considered cheating, and your scores will be canceled.

When you take the test, you should work rapidly but carefully. Do not spend too much time on any one question, but try to answer every one. Some questions are harder than others. Your score will be based on the number of questions you answer correctly. It is to your advantage to answer every question, even if you have to guess.

How to Get Ready to Take the TOEFL Junior Standard Test

No single school, textbook, or method of study is best to help prepare a person for the test, since it is not based on a specific course of instruction. Strong language proficiency can be achieved only after a relatively long period of study and practice. An attempt to study English for the first time shortly before taking the test will not be helpful.

The TOEFL Junior Standard test is not a “pass/fail” test. You are not expected to answer all of the questions correctly. The test is designed to be a tool that measures improvement over time.

Students taking a regular English curriculum should show gains in their scores if they take a form of the TOEFL Junior Standard test every 6 months or so.
Before taking the TOEFL Junior Standard test, there are several things you can do to prepare for the test and improve your English proficiency:
• Become familiar with the test format and how to mark your answers on the answer sheet. You can then focus your attention on the questions themselves, rather than on the format.
• Review carefully the test directions, the answer sheet including the background questions (in sections 6–12 of the answer sheet), and the sample questions on pages 11–22.
• Immerse yourself in the language as frequently as possible and in as many ways as possible. Reading, watching TV and videos, listening to recordings, taking an English course, and speaking to others in English are some of the ways to practice.
• Visit the TOEFL Junior website for additional resources that you may find helpful to familiarize yourself with the test.

Score Reports

Each TOEFL Junior Standard score report provides:
• An overall score level accompanied by an overall performance descriptor
• A total score calculated from the Listening Comprehension, Language Form and Meaning, and Reading Comprehension section scores
• A description of the English-language abilities typical of test takers scoring within a particular scaled score range to help identify strengths and areas for improvement (See Appendix pages 41– 42 for all Performance Descriptors)
• Section test scores which are mapped to levels of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR)
• A Lexile® measure to help you find books at your English reading level

Interpreting Scores

TOEFL Junior Standard test scores are determined by the number of questions a student has answered correctly. Some of the questions in the test may not count toward the section or total scores. Of the questions that count, each correct answer counts equally toward the score for that section. The number of correct responses on each section is converted to a scaled score that ranges from 200 to 300 in increments of 5. The total scaled score is a sum of the three section scores, and, therefore, ranges from 600–900 points in increments of 5.

Scores from the three different sections should not be directly compared to each other because the measures are scaled independently.

Test SectionScore Range
Listening Comprehension200-300
Language Form & Meaning200-300
Reading Comprehension200-300
Total Score600-900
Acceptable Scores

Each institution determines for itself what scores, or ranges of scores, are acceptable. There is no specific passing or failing score set by ETS for the TOEFL Junior tests.

How Your Test is Scored

TOEFL Junior Standard test scores include three section scores and a total score. Some of the questions in the test may not count toward the section or total scores. Of the questions that count, each correct answer counts equally toward the score for that section.

The total number of correct answers for each section is statistically adjusted, or equated, to account for differences in difficulty between test forms. These equated scores are then converted to section scaled scores that range from 200 to 300. The total scaled score is the sum of scaled scores for each section and ranges from 600 to 900. Because the scores are equated and scaled, the reported scores are neither the number, nor the percentages of questions answered correctly.

Overall Score Levels

The table below shows the TOEFL Junior Standard overall score levels, total scores, overall performance descriptors, and CEFR profiles. Overall Performance Descriptors are modified to reflect middle-school age student ability required in institutions where English is the medium of instruction and used to determine the student’s proficiency level according to the CEFR level.

Common European Framework of Reference

Your section scores will be mapped to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) to help you understand what your scores mean. The TOEFL Junior scores give you as a student the ability to see your level
on a global scale.

SectionsCEFR Below A2CEFR Level A2CEFR Level B1CEFR Level B2
Listening ComprehensionUnder 225225–245250–285290–300
Language Form and MeaningUnder 210210–245250–275280–300
Reading ComprehensionUnder 210210–240245–275280–300
Lexile® Measure

English reading ability is a rewarding skill, but it takes practice to improve. The TOEFL Junior Standard test provides a Lexile measure with your score report to help you, your parents and your teachers find the right books for you. Lexile measures are the standard for matching readers with appropriate texts. Millions of English language learners and teachers worldwide use Lexile measures to improve reading in English and track progress over time. With Lexile measures, readers at every age and proficiency level can find the right books to read and improve. The service is free and easy to use. For more information, visit www.lexile.com/toefljunior.

The TOEFL Junior tests are English-language proficiency assessments intended for students ages 11+. They provide an objective and reliable measure of your students’ English-language proficiency levels to help you make the best decisions.

There are 2 TOEFL Junior tests: the TOEFL Junior® Standard test, which can be delivered on paper or digitally, and the digitally-delivered TOEFL Junior® Speaking test. Each test measures different English-language skills. Both tests provide reliable administration and scoring, and scores are mapped to the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) levels. Plus, TOEFL Standard Junior reading scores are matched with MetaMetrics® Lexile® reading measures so you can help students choose books at the right reading level to improve their English reading proficiency.

Learn more about the TOEFL Junior tests.

The TOEFL Junior tests have multiple uses in English-language classrooms, including:

  • Determining whether students have sufficient communicative English skills to succeed in a classroom that uses English for instruction or need additional English support classes to fully participate in content courses
  • Placing students in English-language programs so they are matched with level-appropriate instruction
  • Monitoring progress over time to gauge learning and proficiency
  • Using “can-do” statements provided on the score report to inform conversations with parents
  • Advising students on appropriate book selections based on Lexile measures to improve their English-reading proficiency
  • Mapping student achievement to CEFR levels for international benchmarking

English programs around the world trust the TOEFL Junior tests to help them make the best decisions about their students. Score users include:

  • English-language programs, for placement and to monitor progress
  • International schools where the language of instruction is English
  • Schools in non-English-speaking countries that focus on teaching content through English

The TOEFL Junior tests measure a range of skills:

  • The TOEFL Junior Standard test — measures Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, and Language Form and Meaning
  • The TOEFL Junior Speaking test — measures oral communication skills in a classroom setting

Learn more about test content.

 

  • TOEFL Junior Standard test — a paper-delivered or digitally-delivered test
  • TOEFL Junior Speaking test — a digitally-delivered test

Learn more about test format.

 

Depending on your location, the TOEFL Junior program offers institutional testing, in which a school or other institution administers the test to its own students, and public testing in which dates are open to the public. Contact your local ETS Preferred Associate Goal Testing.

Learn more about testing procedures (PDF).

 

TOEFL Junior test scores are available for reporting for 2 years after the test date. After the time of testing, English-language proficiency can change rapidly depending on additional learning or development. That is why decisions involving scores should be made when the scores are obtained, because that is when they are most valid. Institutions can choose to use scores that are more than 2 years old as a record of an individual’s English-language proficiency at the time the test was taken.

 

How are the TOEFL Junior tests delivered?

  • TOEFL Junior Standard test — a paper-delivered or digitally-delivered test
  • TOEFL Junior Speaking test — a digitally-delivered test

Thank you for your interest in the TOEFL Junior tests.

If you would like to order the tests or learn more, please email Goal Testing at info@goaltesting.com